Teacher Tools Related to Functional Behavior Assessment
List of tools
The functional assessment process should begin with person-centered planning (PCP) which is used by a group of people interested in helping a student build a lifestyle based upon his or her preferences, needs, and choices.
Teams should involve the student, individuals who will be implementing the PBS plan, family members, people who know the student well, and a person who has experience using functional assessments and is familiar with the principles of behavior. Effective teams have critical features including a vision statement, ground rules for meetings, specific roles, agendas and minutes, data based decision-making, and evidence of dialogue and collaboration.
Record reviews provide important information about a student's medical background, past experiences, and behavioral and academic history.
FACTS is a two-page interview used by school personnel who are developing behavior support plans, and it is intended to be an efficient strategy for initial functional behavioral assessment (FBA).
A scatter plot is an interval recording method that can help show patterns related to a problem behavior and specific time periods.
An ABC Chart is a direct observation tool that can be used to collect information about the events that are occurring within a student's environment. "A" is the antecedent, event, or activity that immediately precedes a problem behavior, "B" refers to the observed behavior, and "C" is the consequence, or the event that immediately follows a response.
This tool combines elements of the scatter plot and ABC Chart. It enables one to record behavior(s), setting events, antecedents, and consequences observed during a session and keep track of possible functions as well as actual consequences.
The ability to define and measure behavior helps identify the function maintaining a problem behavior and evaluate the success of a positive behavior support (PBS) plan.
Rachel Freeman, PhD, University of Kansas