Step-by-Step Directions to Create a Reading Fluency VSM Video

            At the beginning of this article, we describe how Elaine and Carlo worked together using the ACE reading model in which a student and tutor practice reading fluency, comprehension and vocabulary building activities together. Elaine and Carlo meet three times a week for 30-minute tutoring sessions, in which they do a series of reading-related activities. Each tutoring session includes these components: a) they read a passage in unison, b) they echo read the same passage together c) Carlo reads the passage independently d) Elaine asks Carlo a few questions to check his comprehension and e) they spend a few minutes playing a memory game with vocabulary words from the book they are reading. Elaine provides appropriate praise and encouragement to Carlo during the session.  [For a video overview of Elaine and Carlo’s tutoring session, watch Video #1 at


            On the next page, we describe one portion of the tutoring session, focusing on the steps of setting up, filming and editing the self modeling video of Carlo reading fluently. The steps highlight the “echo reading” portion of the tutoring session in which Elaine reads a sentence modeling fluency and prosody and Carlo repeats the sentence.

For a video tutorial of the video capture and editing processes described in the steps found on the next page, please watch the Video below or review Video #2 found at

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